- On July 15, 2019, A high-level committee set up by the Union ministry of health and Family Welfare, Government of India has produced their report called ‘National Digital Health Blueprint’ was released by Health Minister Dr. Harshavardhan in New Delhi. The committee proposed to form a National Digital Health Mission & both the centre and state Governments will be the owners and stakeholders in the new organization. Combined GST-N(Goods and Service Tax Network) and UIDAI (Unique Identification Authority of India) models of the institutional structure has also been proposed by the committee. It has been put in the public domain for suggestions from all stakeholders, including common people.
- On July 9,2019, In the event of 43rd session of the World Heritage Committee meeting 2019 in Baku, Azerbaijan( June 30 to July 10,2019), the UNESCO(United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) announced that the Chinese city of Fuzhou will host the 44th session of the World Heritage Committee in 2020. Tian Xuejun, Chinese vice Minister of Education was elected as chairman of the 44th session of the committee. The chairman of the 43rd session was Abulfas Garayev. During the meeting, the committee inscribed a total of 29 new sites on the World Heritage List (one in Africa, 2 in the Arab States, 10 in the Asia Pacific region, 15 in Europe and North America and one in Latin America).
- The Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) ship, MV AAI flagged-off by Mansukh Mandaviya, Minister of State for Shipping (Independent Charge) and Chemical and Fertilizers, from Dhubri river port (Assam) to Narayanganj (Bangladesh), carrying 1000 MT of Bhutanese stone over river Brahmaputra, using Indo-Bangladesh Protocol Route. Benefit: The environment-friendly mode of transport will cut short travel time by 8 to 10 days, reduce transportation cost by 30%, bringing down logistics costs & making it easier and cheaper to reach goods to North Eastern states from other parts of the country. In order to maintain the depth of water on this route, India will provide Rs 300 crore to Bangladesh for 5 years.
- In recognition of the contributions and efforts towards underprivileged children, women’s empowerment through Meer Foundation and for the achievements in the Indian entertainment industry, Shah Rukh Khan, the Bollywood actor, will be felicitated with an Honorary Degree, Doctor of Letters (honoris causa) from Melbourne-based La Trobe University at the 10th edition of Indian Film Festival of Melbourne (IFFM) at Bundoora, Australia. It will be held on August 9, 2019, where Mr. Khan will be the chief guest. It will be Khan’s first Australian University Award.
- On July 15, 2019, Senior BJP leader and former Union Minister for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises(MSME) Kalraj Mishra(78) appointed as the Governor of Himachal Pradesh, replacing Acharya Devvrat. Mishra was resigned as MSME minister from the Narendra Modi-led government(BJP) in 2017 after he crossed the age of 75, the BJP’s unofficial age limit for holding an elected post. In 2014, He was elected as an MP (Member of Parliament) in Lok Sabha elections from Deoria.
- India’s ambitious moon mission, Chandrayaan-2 has been called off due to a technical snag in just 56 minutes and 24 seconds before its scheduled launch. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) confirmed that the launch had been canceled after a technical snag was detected in one of the launch systems of the GSLVMkIII-M1 (Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III).
- A team of physicists from the University of Glasgow has taken a photo of a strong form of quantum entanglement called Bell entanglement. It has captured visual evidence of an elusive phenomenon which a baffled Albert Einstein once called “spooky action at a distance”. The photo points out two photons interacting and sharing physical states for a brief instant – an event that occurs regardless of the actual distance between the particles. This information was published in the paper titled ‘Imaging Bell-type nonlocal behavior’ in the journal Science Advances.
- The Botanical Survey of India (BSI) in its First Comprehensive Census of Orchids of India stated that the country has 1256 species of orchid or taxa. They belong to 155 genera and 388 species which are endemic to India. The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) had unveiled the details of all species in the publication named “Orchids of India: A Pictorial Guide”. The publication is authored by Paramjit Singh, former director of BSI, A.A. Mao, Director of BSI, scientists S.S. Sprint, S.Okay. Singh, D.Okay. Agarwala and J.S. Jalal.
- Arunachal Pradesh with 612 species has the highest number of orchid species, followed by Sikkim with 560 species and Darjeeling, West Bengal with 479. The entire Orchid Family is listed under Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) stating any trade of wild orchid is banned globally. They are classified into 3 forms: Epiphytic: They are the plants growing on another plants together with rock boulders and sometimes termed lithophyte. Terrestrial: They are the plants growing on land and climbers. Mycoheterotrophic: They are the plants which derive nutrients from mycorrhizal fungi which are hooked up to the roots of a vascular plant.
- Kane Stuart Williamson of New Zealand was named as the Player of the Tournament with 578 runs who received the award from Indian legend Sachin Tendulkar.
- Rohit Sharma scored 648 runs from the nine games at an average of 81 including 67 fours and 14 sixes. David Warner followed Sharma in the second position with 647 runs and Shakib Al Hasan stood third in the list of tournament’s leading run scorers.
- With record-shattering 27 wickets, Australian left-arm pacer Mitchell Starc topped the table of wicket-takers. He also bagged two four-wicket and two five-wicket hauls in just 10 games.
- Star Indian sprinter Hima Das (24) from Assam clinched her 3rd international gold within two weeks in women’s 200m race with a time of 23.43 seconds and Muhammed Anas Yahiya (Kerala) also won gold in the men’s 400m with the time of 45.21 seconds at the Kladno Memorial Athletics Meet 2019 in Czech Republic.
- On July 13, 2019, Kerala long jumper, M.Sreeshankar (20) has won the long jump gold in Men’s triple jump with 7.97m at the XXII Tatyana Kolpakova international athletics meet 2019 in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan from 13th July to 14th July 2019.
- Prominent American computer scientist, credited with inventing the computer password, Fernando J. Corbato passed away at Newburyport in Massachusetts, U.S as a result of complications caused by diabetes. He was 93. He was a professor emeritus at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and he credited for devising the concept of password-protected user accounts to secure access to files on a large computer system. In 1990, he received the A. M. Turing Award, widely considered the computing field’s equivalent of the Nobel Prize. He is also a pioneer in the development of time-sharing operating systems known as MIT Compatible Time-Sharing System.
- On July 12, 2019, Malayalam cinematographer M J Radhakrishnan passed away at the age of 60 in Trivandrum (Thiruvananthapuram), Kerala due to cardiac arrest. He hailed from Punalur, Kerala. His films have been screened at several prominent film festivals around the world including Cannes, Toronto, Chicago, Rhode Island, and Rotterdam. One of his works, Marana Simhasanam (English: Throne of Death; French: Le Trone de la mort), won Camra d’Or (Golden Camera Award) in the Un Certain Regard section at the 1999 Cannes Film Festival. Beginning his film career he worked as an assistant to ace filmmaker and cinematographer Shaji N.Karun.
- World Youth Skills Day (WYSD) was observed on July 15, 2019. It is celebrated to create awareness on the importance of investing in youth skills development. The theme for the year is “Learning to learn for life and work”. The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) had declared July 15 as WYSD in November 2014. As a part of the celebration, an exhibit entitled “Inspiring youth and improving perception for skills” held between 9-18 July 2019 at the Vienna Café Corridor in the UN Headquarters, New York. It was organized by WorldSkills and UNESCO, in partnership with the Permanent Missions of Sri Lanka and Portugal.
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